2015 UNGGE report on the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security





United Nations


The UN Group of Governmental Experts in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security produced a substantive consensus report in 2015 on norms, rules or principles of the responsible behaviour of States in the cyber-sphere as well as confidence building measures, international cooperation and capacity building, which could have wider application to all States. It also addresses how international law applies to the use of information and communications technologies and makes recommendations for future work. Its findings include:

  • In their use of ICTs, States must observe, among other principles of international law, State sovereignty, the settlement of disputes by peaceful means, and non-intervention in the internal affairs of other States.
  • Existing obligations under international law are applicable to State use of ICTs and States must comply with their obligations to respect and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  • States must not use proxies to commit internationally wrongful acts using ICTs and should seek to ensure that their territory is not used by non-State actors to commit such acts.
  • The UN should play a leading role in promoting dialogue on the security of ICTs in their use by States, and in developing common understandings on the application of international law and norms, rules and principles for responsible State behaviour.